Welcome, Guest
You have to register before you can post on our site.

Username
  

Password
  





Search Forums

(Advanced Search)

Forum Statistics
» Members: 1,459
» Latest member: mingtinan624
» Forum threads: 452
» Forum posts: 18,927

Full Statistics

Online Users
There are currently 4 online users.
» 0 Member(s) | 4 Guest(s)

Latest Threads
Will Cutting Wood With a ...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:25 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
Benefits of Walnuts
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:22 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 2
Where to Get Welding Gas ...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:20 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 2
Parts of a Door Handle
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:17 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
Home Slaughtering and Pro...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:14 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
Covered Yarn
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:12 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
What is kiosk banking and...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:09 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
What is Dredging?
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:07 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
Different Types of Braces...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:05 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
Will Cutting Wood With a ...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: mingtinan624
06-24-2022, 01:01 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
What Is Laser Marking & H...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: changkaichi623
06-23-2022, 01:31 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1
Difference Between Fusion...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: changkaichi623
06-23-2022, 01:29 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 4
What are the Benefits of ...
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: changkaichi623
06-23-2022, 01:27 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 2
How Does a UV Light Work?
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: changkaichi623
06-23-2022, 01:24 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 5
Sustainable Fabrics
Forum: General Gaming Discussion
Last Post: changkaichi623
06-23-2022, 01:22 AM
» Replies: 0
» Views: 1

 
  Will Cutting Wood With a Diamond Blade Hurt It?
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:25 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Will Cutting Wood With a Diamond Blade Hurt It?
Diamond saw blades are made with teeth that have been coated in a strong carbon grit mixture. These saw blades are designed to cut through materials that would wear away normal blades, including stone, clay, concrete and similar substances. Diamond blades are usually designed for these tough materials. Trying to cut wood with a diamond saw might not lead to good results.
Diamond Saw Damage
Diamond saws are designed to be the most durable blades for the most difficult saw projects. You will not need to worry about damaging the diamond saw blade itself. These blades are made to withstand stone materials. The soft fibers of wood boards will not hurt the blade itself. The danger is in how the diamond blade treats the wood itself.
General Purpose of Diamond Blades
General purpose dry diamond saw blades can be used for several materials, but reconsider before using them to cut wood. The harsh grit of the diamond blade can cut tile and masonry with straight lines. When applied to wood, however, the blades might create a rough cut, ripping apart fibers, or might make it too easy to create crooked cuts. In most cases, it is better to use a traditional steel blade for wood.
Wood Cutting Blades
Carbide-tipped saw blades are designed especially for wood. These are similar to diamond saw blades, but are designed with teeth and coatings that will make it easier to cut wood, especially hardwoods. If you do want to use a diamond saw blade, ensure that you use a carbide version that is specifically designed for wood.
Exceptions
Some exceptions exist to using diamond blades on boards. For example, fiber cement board comes in planks and might resemble wood, but it is actually made from cementitious materials. Do not assume that the board shape means it is made of wood. Diamond saws work well when cutting fiber cement and similar materials for construction products.

How to Cut Concrete
Concrete—most of us have a love-hate relationship with it. Love it when we need a permanent, heavy-duty, weather-resistant surface. Hate it when we gotta repair, replace or cut the stuff.
The prospect of cutting concrete can be daunting, but it doesn’t have to be. Most of the battle can be won by simply selecting the right tools. Try a concrete saw. Following is a rundown of common concrete-cutting tasks—from dinky to monster-sized—and the best tools and techniques for handling them.
Blades made of corundum may be cheap, but on a per-cut basis, they’re more expensive than diamond-tipped blades. If you rent a diamond circular saw blade, many rental centers will measure its perimeter before and after and charge you by the 1/1,000th inch used.
You can make small rough cuts using a cold chisel and sledgehammer (Photos 2 and 3), but the better choice is a circular saw with a special blade.
Dry-cutting diamond blades most often have a serrated or toothed rim (Photo 1) to help cool the blade and eject waste. They work best when you make a series of gradually deeper cuts to avoid overheating the blade. The downside to dry-cutting masonry is the tornado of fine dust it creates. If you cut concrete indoors, seal off the area with plastic and duct tape. Seal all duct openings as well.
Wet-cutting diamond blades can have either teeth or a smooth, continuous perimeter. Water not only helps cool and lubricate the blade but also keeps the dust down. These cut the fastest and cleanest, but they require a special saw that can both distribute water and be safely used around it. As a make-do option, you can plug your saw into a GFCI-protected extension cord and have a helper carefully direct a small stream of water just in front of your saw as it cuts.
Diamond Blade Buying Guide
With all of the different saw blades available on the market today, it can be overwhelming when purchasing a new blade. To get the quality of cut you expect with the best performance from your saw, it is important to have the most appropriate blade for the project at hand.
Diamond saw blades come in a wide range of sizes, bond types, and uses with quality and performance that can vary dramatically from blade to blade. Whether you have a tile saw, masonry saw, concrete saw, or other type of saw, selecting the right blade will help you get the job done right.
Diamond blades are available with different rim or edge configurations including segmented, continuous, and turbo with the type of rim affecting how the blade cuts. The segments or rim are fixed to the blade through the process of brazing, laser welding, or sintering.
Segmented blades typically have medium to hard bonds for a range of wet and dry cutting applications. While these blades can offer a relatively smooth cut with a fast cutting speed, chipping may still occur. They are durable and have a long blade life compared to other blades.
They are ideal for cutting marble and granite slabs, concrete, asphalt, brick, block, and other building materials. They are available in a wide selection of diameters from small to large and particularly dominate the 12” diameter and larger market. These blades are commonly used with masonry saws, concrete saws, and circular saws.
The spaces of air that separate the segments are called gullets. The gullets are there to improve air flow, dissipate heat, and remove slurry from the cut, helping to maintain the blade’s cutting performance. The size and shape of the gullets vary from blade to blade and will depend on the type of material the blade designed to cut.
For example, blades for cutting asphalt tend to have wider, U-shaped gullets while blades for concrete tend to have narrower, U-shaped gullets. The more abrasive the material, the wider the slot should be to allow for better heat dissipation. Other gullet shapes include keyhole, teardrop, and angled. Segmented diamond blades with narrow slots are generally for marble and granite while keyhole shaped slot blades tend to be for general purpose.

Circular Saw and Blades: A Basic Overview
A circular saw is either a hand held or table mounted tool used for cutting many types of materials such as wood, plastic, metal and masonry. All circular saws have a disc or blade with teeth on their edges. The motor on the saw enables the blade to spin at high speeds, enabling the teeth to smoothly cut through materials.
There are a couple of different factors when choosing a circular saw. First, what is it being used for? As with any purchase, we get what we pay for. Therefore, in order to ensure that tools will last more than 20 years, it is important to choose one with a strong motor. A strong motor will ensure top speed of the blade when cutting through a variety of hard to softer materials.
Because tools are standard purchases for the home, costs are generally known and standard. If you are not aware of amps and horse power as a factor in your decision making, cost could just as well be a reliable indicator. For a few hundred dollars, one should be confident that their tool will last a long time.
Now that you are set up with the saw, the interesting part is determining which saw blade to use for a particular job. Selecting the proper blade for the job will not only allow the tools to perform better and cleaner but also safer.
Things You should Know about Diamond Drill Bits
Diamond drill bits are perfect for drilling holes through hard materials such as these:

  • Glass, sea glass, beach glass, fused glass, sheet glass

  • Stone, gemstones, rock, pebbles, minerals

  • Ceramic, porcelain, tiles, glazed pottery, plates, china

  • Shell, antler, bone, fossil

  • Very hard woods
For very small precision holes for jewellery making purposes and precision holes in all glass, precious stone or porcelain tile we recommend using the small diamond drill bits which have a solid, flat end, or tip. These are available in sizes as small as 0.75mm - 3mm. Take a look at the below picture.
DO NOT use diamond drill bits on metal, soft wood, plaster or soft plastic. These materials are too soft and will cause the diamonds on your drill bit to clog up. When drilling holes in soft metals, plastics and wood use High Speed Steel drill bits (HSS) and for drilling holes in hard metals use Carbide Drill Bits
Diamond is the hardest material, and therefore anything else can be cut or drilled with it. If you are cutting or drilling through very hard materials such as Sapphire then bear in mind you will need a lot of patience and perhaps more drill bits than you would if you were drilling a hole through glass or Opal.
As with all diamond drill bits you should use water as a lubricant and coolant. Being hollow, allows the water to flow up inside and around the inner core of these drill bits as you are drilling, helping to keep the drill bit cool and removing the debris.
Diamond core drills are available in sizes 1mm - 3mm and 3.5mm - 60mm and larger.
For drilling tiny holes in plates, glass, fused glass and for thin pieces of sea glass we recommend using a small diamond core drill. These are available in sizes from as small as 1mm- 3mm.
Diamond Core bits also come in a range with a 2.35mm shank
As you drill, the water swirls around inside the core. This helps prolong the life of your drill bit and helps to prevent any cracking or shattering of the material you're drilling.

Print this item

  Benefits of Walnuts
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:22 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Benefits of Walnuts
1. Good for the brain
Walnuts contain important phytochemicals, as well as high amounts of polyunsaturated fats that offer potential benefits for both brain health and function. Omega-3 fatty acids play a part by helping reduce oxidative stress in the brain but also by helping to improve brain signalling and neurogenesis, which is how new neurons are formed.
As well as high levels of beneficial fats, other important nutrients such as vitamin E, folate and the protective phytochemical, ellagic acid, are all found in walnuts, and contribute to its neuroprotective and memory enhancing properties.
Discover the 10 foods that can boost your brainpower.
2. Mood-boosting
Omega-3 fatty acids are important for the development and function of the central nervous system. Promising research and clinical evidence indicate omega-3 fatty acids could well play a role in certain mood disorders.
Although, a study specifically evaluating the effect of walnuts reported mixed findings, the inclusion of walnuts in the diet of non-depressed, young healthy males did appear to improve mood.
3. Heart healthy
The Journal of Nutrition reports that consumption of walnuts may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and that walnut oil provides more favourable benefits to endothelial function, which is the lining of the inside of our blood and lymphatic vessels. There has also been research into whole walnuts, and how they can improve cholesterol levels and markers for inflammation, which is also connected to a reduced risk of heart disease.
A study by the British Journal of Nutrition found that those who consumed nuts more than four times a week reduced their risk of coronary heart disease by as much as 37 per cent.
4. May support weight loss
There has been some evidence to demonstrate that consuming walnuts in the place of other foods does not cause weight gain, even though they are energy rich, offering a great snack alternative for those looking to manage their weight.
5. Support a healthy digestive system
A recent animal study has shown consuming walnuts can enrich the gut microbiota, the community of beneficial microbes which live in our intestines, and in particular increase strains of beneficial probiotic bacteria. This has been repeated in humans with reports of increases in beneficial strains and especially those which produce butyrate, a by-product which supports the health of the gut.
This is the right way to eat walnuts to get maximum benefits
Walnuts are known for improving brain function and boosting memory. Apart from this, walnuts carry a long list of lesser-known health benefits as well. Do you know that the way you consume walnuts also decides how beneficial they are? Well, there is a certain way to eat walnuts with which you can gain maximum benefits.
Though walnuts can be eaten as it is by removing the outer shell, the best way to have them is by soaking overnight. Just soak 2-4 walnut pieces overnight in a cup of water and have them first thing in the morning. Soaking walnuts helps in reducing the bad cholesterol levels in the body. They are also easier to digest as compared to normal walnuts. Your body can absorb nutrients from soaked walnuts in a much better way.
Walnuts are indeed a superfood, as they are loaded with carbohydrates, protein, good fat, fibre, vitamins, calcium, iron and potassium. Apart from improving good cholesterol levels and keeping the heart healthy, walnuts are also beneficial for people with diabetes. Walnuts are also rich in omega-3 fatty acids and help prevent stress and anxiety. They also have alpha-linolenic acid, which makes your bones and teeth stronger.
As walnuts are a rich source of iron, calcium, potassium and zinc, they help in boosting your metabolism. It further aids in efficient weight loss. Walnuts contain good fats which don’t add to your weight or calories. Their fibre content also keeps you full for longer and prevents frequent hunger pangs.
If you find eating walnuts raw a little boring, then there are several interesting ways to have them. Just crush a few roasted walnuts and include them in your paratha stuffing. This will make your paratha crunchier and also add an extra nutty taste.
Walnuts can also be added, to protein shakes and smoothies by crushing them along with other ingredients. You can also make a homemade walnut chutney or dip by using walnuts, garlic, ginger, lemon juice, oil and salt and pepper. A little bit of mint can be added, to the chutney as well.
For kids who are fussy eaters, this trick will work wonders. Just mix some cocoa powder and honey. Throw in some walnuts in the paste and coat them well. Let them dry and store in an airtight jar.
The right way to eat walnuts for maximum health benefits
Walnuts, the brain-shaped nuts are famous for boosting memory and brain function. They are rich in fibre, vitamins, carbohydrates, protein and iron, which makes them a super healthy addition to our daily diet. When eaten in the right way, walnuts have many health benefits. Today in this article, we will discuss the right way to eat walnuts and the easy way to include them in your daily diet.
The right way to eat walnuts
When it comes to consuming this super healthy nut, there is no right or wrong way. Just including it in your diet in any form is great for your health. Here is the best way to consume walnuts.
Soaking the walnuts overnight and then consuming them in the morning is one of the best ways to consume walnuts. To do this, take 2-4 pieces of walnuts and soak them in a cup of water overnight. Have them the first thing next morning.
Having soaked walnuts helps in reducing the bad cholesterol in the body. These are also easier to digest as compared to normal walnuts. It is easier for your body to absorb nutrients from soaked walnuts.
Easy ways you can include walnuts in your diet
Walnut chutney/spread/dip
Take some roasted walnuts, garlic, lemon juice, oil, pepper and salt and grind them together to make walnut dip at home. You can also add some walnuts while making the hummus.
Add them to stuffing
You can simply toast some walnuts and add them to the stuffing of your sandwich or paranthas.
Use them for garnishing
Toast some walnuts, grind them and keep them in an airtight container. You can use them to garnish your salads and desserts.
Add them to your smoothie
While you make your smoothie, grind some walnuts with other ingredients. Not just your smoothie will taste better but its nutritional value will also be enhanced.

How to remove the skin from walnut kernels
Not all walnuts are the same. Depending on the variety, they can have a sweeter or more tangy, even bitter taste.
When you start reading a recipe, you may find that the dish you want to prepare, uses walnuts without the skin covering the kernel.
This skin, which gives walnuts their slightly bitter and astringent taste, can be easily removed in a few minutes.
To peel the kernels, put them to soak in a bowl with some hot or warm water. When the liquid has cooled down, drain the walnuts and peel them. The skin, which has been lifted off by the heat of the water, can be easily removed by rubbing the surface with a clean dishcloth or by using a sharp knife or tweezers.
Another faster method is to put the shelled nuts in a pan of simmering water. When the water starts to boil, blanch the walnuts for 1 minute and then, remove them from the heat. Drain the walnuts, allow them to cool and then, skin them.
Lastly, there is one other method in which the shelled nuts are placed on a tray lined with greaseproof paper and put in the oven pre-heated to 180 degrees for a maximum of 5 minutes. After taking them out of the oven and allowing them to cool down, the skin will come away easily.
In any case, even if the recipe calls for it, you can always use unpeeled walnuts, which will retain their characteristic flavour, after all.
How to Toast Walnuts
These two methods for How to Toast Walnuts are incredibly fast and easy! Plain or coated walnuts are quickly cooked in a skillet or baked in the oven for a simple and crunchy snack. Add these roasted nuts to a variety of recipes for the best flavor and texture.
Walnuts become buttery, golden, and ultra crunchy after toasting them in the oven.
The high heat brings out the natural nutty aroma that adds a delightful flavor to salads, desserts, and side dish recipes.
Walnuts can definitely be eaten raw, but roasting them can really take their flavor game over the top!
Add them to a Shaved Brussels Sprouts Salad, mix them into some Banana Nut Muffins, or sprinkle them on Overnight Oats.
Taking the extra 10 minutes to pop them in the oven is definitely worth the time. (Just like when toasting pine nuts, roasting almonds, or making toasted pecans!)
The basic steps for making roasted walnuts are simple to follow. Please see the recipe card below for more detailed ingredient amounts.
COVER WITH SEASONING
Toss the nuts in any butter, oil, or seasoning ingredients you want to add before roasting.
BAKE IN OVEN
If you are making more than 1 cup of roasted walnuts at a time using the oven is a must.
Line a large, lightly colored, rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper.
Spread the walnuts out in a single layer on the sheet.
Toast them in the oven at 350°F for 7-10 minutes, stirring occasionally, until golden brown.
COOK ON THE STOVE
When toasting a smaller batch of walnuts cooking them in a skillet is a faster and easier way to do it.
Preheat a medium or large, non-stick, dry skillet over medium-low heat.
Place 1 cup or less of walnuts in the skillet in a single layer.
Toast for 3-5 minutes, stirring occasionally.
You’ll know the walnuts are done toasting when you begin to smell their nutty aroma.

Print this item

  Where to Get Welding Gas & How Much Should You Pay?
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:20 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Where to Get Welding Gas & How Much Should You Pay?
IIn past decades, stick welders did not have much information about gases with regards to welding. This whole concept changed with the invention of TIG and MIG welding machines and their constant rise in usage. Gas is now considered a common commodity in most welding workshops. But how much does welding gas cost? If you’re just setting up shop, you’ve come to the right place. We’ll break down where to get welding gas and the costs associated with it.
Welding gases can be outsourced from various vendors depending on your location and the type of gas you require. Most vendors provide the option of free delivery for local orders and charge a few bucks for regional deliveries.
Welders use welding gases for several reasons, with the main one being shielding the arc from impurities such as dust. Gases are also used to heat metals during welding and to keep the welds clean.
Inert gases are known for not causing any changes to the materials. They also remain in the same state during welding. This ability makes welding more comfortable without weakening or distorting the welds. Reactive gases are the opposite of inert gases. They react by changing their states and causing changes to the materials. This property makes these gases ideal for enhancing the fusion of metals.
What is a CO2 Tank Cylinder?
You might have noticed that most bars and pubs use a CO2 tank cylinder, where the drink is to be served. CO2 tank cylinders are used to pressurize the beer draft system. CO2 tank cylinder which is used for brewing, are mostly made from aluminum. They also come in steel tank is a variety is sizes.
The quality of a CO2 tank cylinder should be really good. It all depends on what type of tank you have because it will surely affect the taste of your drink. Once you get the idea of how to use your cylinder properly, you can easily make new beverages with lots of bubbles, and you can also design plans for your beverages, keeping safety in mind of course.
Well here is the perfect answer to your question. CO2 gas forced into this cylinder, the more it’s forced, and the more inner molecules get close to each other. The molecules inside the cylinder get so close that crowding of gas happens and the movement of the molecules become very slow. When the molecules slow down, they lose heat energy and hence get cold.
When the temperature reaches 880 psi (pounds per square inch), the molecules release enough heat energy to get cold enough to turn into liquid. When these liquids go through some temperature changes, like an increase in temperature, the volume of the liquids expands. In the liquid state, CO2 can be stored in it a lot more than in the gas state. In short, you get to store a huge amount of CO2 in the tank cylinder.
Pressure plays a huge role in this cylinder. It’s all about the pressure; it is the key thing to note. To provide a push for your draft beer system, the pressure has to be nearly 880 psi. Initially, at this pressure, only CO2 is stored inside the tank cylinder, but once you open the lid of the tank, some of the CO2 is released in the form of vapors and turns back to its previous state that is gas. This gas is then allowed to flow into the gas side of your draft beer system.
Unlike growlers, CO2 tanks don’t have a good system of insulation. They have to be handled with a lot of care. A sudden temperature increase can expand the liquid inside it; hence, it can make the tank so hot that it can burn your fingers. So safety measures should be taken properly. This can be done by having a CO2 regulator; the regulator controls the high pressure of the gas to a manageable and prevents the tank from heating up drastically.
Nitrogen gas applications
Nitrogen is not reactive and it is excellent for blanketing and is often used as purging gas. It can be used to remove contaminants from process streams through methods such as stripping and sparging. Due to its properties it can be used for protection of valuable products against harmful contaminants. It also enables safe storage, usage of flammable compounds and can help prevent combustible dust explosions.
The applications of nitrogen compounds are naturally extremely widely varied due to the huge size of this class: hence, only applications of pure nitrogen itself will be considered here. Two-thirds of nitrogen produced by industry is sold as the gas and the remaining one-third as the liquid. The gas is mostly used as an inert atmosphere whenever the oxygen in the air would pose a fire, explosion, or oxidising hazard. Some examples include:
Food industry
Nitrogen gas is also used to provide an unreactive atmosphere. It is used in this way to preserve foods. As a modified atmosphere, pure or mixed with carbon dioxide, to nitrogenate and preserve the freshness of packaged or bulk foods (by delaying rancidity and other forms of oxidative damage like changing colours). Pure nitrogen as food additive is labelled in the European Union with the E number E941.
Light bulbs industry
Bulbs should not be filled with air since hot tungsten wire will combust in presence of oxygen. You can’t maintain vacuum either or external atmospheric pressure will break the glass. So, they must be filled with non-reactive gas like nitrogen. We can use inert gases like argon or helium instead of Nitrogen, but they are more expensive & rarer than nitrogen.
Fire suppression systems
Fire suppression is achieved by reducing the oxygen concentration where the fire will extinguish, while remaining at a level acceptable for human exposure for a short period of time.
Stainless steel manufacturing
There are various instances when nitrogen can be added to steel during steelmaking such as melting, the ladle processing and the casting operations. Nitrogen effect on hardness, formability, strain ageing and impact properties.
Tire filling systems
Nitrogen is used to inflate race car and aircraft tires, reducing the problems caused by moisture and oxygen in natural air. Nitrogen is less likely to migrate through tire rubber than oxygen, which means that your tire pressures will remain more stable over the long term. That means more consistent inflation pressures during a use as the tires heat up.
Aircraft fuel systems
In some aircraft fuel systems nitrogen is used to reduce fire hazard.

Welding Gas Cylinder (Sizes & Tank Specifications)
MIG and TIG welding methods are two of the most popular ways to weld materials. They offer great control and precision and can be used on a wide variety of materials. However, for relatively inexperienced users, these methods could pose a very big problem.
The one thing you would not want while welding is to run out of gas. As a result, you should have an idea of the time you will spend while welding. Choosing a gas cylinder is no easy task especially if you are still coming to grips with welding. Hence, in this article, we will be helping you choose a gas cylinder that will fit your needs.
Argon is an inert gas and can maintain a stable fire arc, which makes it a very popular choice in MIG and TIG welding. However, Argon/CO2 mixture is also commonly used as well as CO2 alone. This is because pure argon is more expensive as compared to a mixture of Argon and Carbon Dioxide. Proper ventilation is a must when working with these gases as they can remove oxygen.
However, AR/CO2 mix will splatter more compared to pure Argon. Using high inductance (decreases short-circuiting and lengthens arc time) is better for CO2 than for Argon. 75% CO2 25% Argon or 85%CO2 15% Argon is the widely used mixing ratio. If you don’t have issues with your weld not being the cleanest, this mix will suit you.
Compared to Argon, Helium has better thermal conductivity and higher ionization potential. Thus, it is possible to achieve a lot of heat when working with Helium. The density of helium is lower compared to Argon and it is possible to obtain higher flow rates.
As a result, a helium-argon mixture might provide better welding speed at the cost of stability. Also, Helium mixtures are quite costly as well but the increased productivity makes up for it. Helium is the most popular shielding gas to use with Aluminum and Stainless Steel.
How to Handle and Store Acetylene Cylinders
Unlike most industrial gases, Acetylene is a type of gas that is dissolved into a solvent to keep it safer and more stable. Due to its chemical composition it is an extremely useful gas for the chemical industry but for commercial cylinder applications, is mainly used in cutting and welding processes. It has a burning temperature up to 5,700℉ (3,148℃), when burnt with oxygen. Also, pure samples of the gas can decompose violently. Due to all these reasons, critical understanding and steps need to be taken when handling and storing acetylene gas cylinders. This post provides information you need to know on the topic.
A Brief about Acetylene Cylinders
While many people may logically conclude that acetylene is stored in standard high pressure cylinders which are hollow in construction and gas storage use, this point is not true. Acetylene cylinders are a separate, dedicated and special type of cylinder that is used to store and transport the gas above pressures of 5 psi (.3 bar). A standard acetylene cylinder has a length of 30” (76.2 cm) and has a 10” (24.4 cm) diameter. The cylinder’s construction comprises the following materials and components:
1. The exterior of the cylinder is all steel in construction.
2. The interior of the cylinder body is constructed of either a fire resistant or monolithic filler material known as the ‘porous mass’.
3. The porous material is saturated with acetone or dimethyl formamide (DMF).
4. Older cylinders have fuse plugs in the bottom of the cylinder.
5. The top of the cylinder comprises brass valves, a metal cap, and often safety fuse plugs.
Knowing the composition and traits of an acetylene cylinder will help a user understand and safely handle and store acetylene cylinders.

Print this item

  Parts of a Door Handle
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:17 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Parts of a Door Handle
Most people turn door handles every day and never even give a second thought to the parts of a door handle until they need or choose to replace part or all of the handle. If you're going to DIY your door hardware, it can be useful to know more about door handle components first. The parts of a door handle include knobs/levers, latch mechanisms, strike plates, boxes and cylinder locks.
The most obviously noticeable part of the door handle is the knob or lever that actually allows the door to open. Knobs are generally round, although they may come in other shapes, and they open the door by turning, whereas levers (also called lever handles) open the door by pushing down. While it's pretty hard to install a door handle in the wrong direction, it's important to pay attention to the direction of a lever when installing one.
While not the most important of door knob parts, a rosette is the plate behind the door handle or lever. While the rosettes in most homes are simple metal pieces, they can be elegantly detailed, and some door handles, particularly those with vintage designs, don't have a rosette at all.
The Latch Mechanism
Perhaps the most important of all door handle parts is the latch mechanism. This is the spring-loaded piece that protrudes past the door, keeping the door closed. While most latch mechanisms use a retracting tubular latch mechanism that goes in when the handle is turned, some doors, like closets, use a ball latch. A ball latch doesn't retract when the handle is turned but instead is simply pushed open or closed in order to catch it on the specially indented strike plate.
The latch itself is generally fitted to the door with a mortise plate, which provides additional security and makes installation more easy so the latch is properly situated in the door in order to catch on the door frame when the door is closed. Additionally, the mortise plate makes the latch mechanism look much more attractive than simply having a floating latch stick out the side of the door.
When the door is pushed closed, the strike plate is the metal piece that the latch is pushed into on the door jam. The box is the hole where the latch fits in, which may or may not be fitted with a strike plate.
Ball latches require a special, shallow strike plate, but most retracting tubular latches don't require a strike plate because they will still retract and go into the box when pushed against a door frame. That being said, strike plates make the door function more smoothly, look more attractive and protect the door frame from damage caused by repeatedly being pressed on by the latch.
Push Pull Door Handle
The initial idea of push-pull door-handle is to ease opening of the door simply by mounting the push-pull door-handle, without any interference with the door, lock or doorjamb. installation is simple, the same as classic handle.
classical opening of the door takes place by pressing the handle and then either pulling or pushing the door away. push-pull door-handle does not require vertical pressure on the handle, since it is replaced by the movement of handle in the direction of opening the door, thereby opening is much smoother and more comfortable.
the procedure is the same, when we are closing the door. handle is pulled or pushed in the direction of movement of the door, so the door closes.
this is particulary usefull, when our hands are not free (if we are carrying different objects, pushing wheelchair or bed, or we are limited by disability). it is already sufficient that we lean with the body to the handle and push the door.
it would also be possible to use this concept on fire doors, where push-pull door-handle could replace special hardware, that lets you push-open the door.
it is also important that push-pull door-handle preserves function of the classic handle whit a vertical movement.

structure, function:
the handle consists of two parts, internal, technical part, which is placed in the stem of door-handle, and holder, which can be designed in many different ways.
handle is classicaly mounted on the door, with no additional interventions to the door or lock.
the mechanism that enables innovative action is robust and assembled from a small number of parts. it consists of a central rotating axis, cubical framework for mounting other components, two leverages for trigerring a rotation of axis, and an outer casing.
push-pull door-handle works by pushing or pulling handle, which activates individual leverage and triggers the rotation of the axis. this opens the lock.
the spring of the lock returns the handle to its original position.

design:
the handle is divided into two parts, the mechanism for opening, which is built in stem of the door-handle, and holder. the concept of push-pull handle allows the application of different types of handles, making it easier to use in different ambience.
grip of the handle is shaped accordingly to its application and technical requirements.
the presented design is minimalistic, robust and easy to manufacture.

In its robustness it hides well planned ergonomics, enables good hand position at all three possible manipulations with push-pull door-handle: press down, pull towards you, and pushing away.
Everything You Need to Know About Patio Door Handles
Are Patio Door Handles Universal?
Patio door handles are not universal and will require you to check some key measurements to ensure a replacement sliding patio door handle will fit correctly. Measuring a sliding patio door handle is done the same way as any other uPVC door handle.
Are Patio Door Handles a Standard Size?
As mentioned above, patio door handles are not a standard size and require two critical measurements to ensure it is compatible. Let’s go through the steps on how to measure your patio door handle in the next section.
How to Measure for a New Patio Door Handle?
Now let’s move on to measuring your sliding patio door handle. When measuring a door handle you only need to check two measurements. These measurements are as follows.

  1. Backplate Fixing Centres – The centre to centre of the screw fixing screws.

  2. PZ Centres – The centre of the square spindle hole to the centre of the circular part of the key hole.
You can fix a loose door handle very easily. Most of the time you will find it’s only the screws which have come loose and need tightening up. Simply take a Philips screwdriver and tighten the two screws on the inside handle. If your problem still persists this may be because the threads are damaged and may require a replacement patio door handle.
How Do You Replace a Patio Door Handle?
Replacing a patio door handle is as simple as removing two screws. With the measuring complete which we covered above. You can now just remove the two screws from the inside handle and the door handle should just come away from the door.
Assuming you have already ordered your new patio door handle, you can just slide the new handle back on to the door and secure it with the fixing screws provided.
Types of door handles
If you’ve searched for “types of door handles” on Google and you’ve come across our article, you’re in for a treat – a detailed and informative guide on the different types of door handles. Maybe you’re planning to renovate your home or office space and are wondering which door handle will be the perfect fit, or maybe you are simply intrigued about the variety of door handles available.
Perhaps you have old, worn door handles which need to go as soon as possible, and need to be replaced by beautiful new ones, however, the choice of door handles seems to be quite overwhelming. At Ironmongery Experts, we’ll be able to help you choose the ideal door handles for your home, and hopefully, make the process of picking the right door handles a bit easier.
There are three main types of door handles: lever handles, pull handles and door knobs. Whether you want to redecorate your grade listed property with a From the Anvil Tudor lever handle or you want to keep up with this year’s décor trends with a matte black door handle – our door handles come in a wide variety of styles and finishes, making it simpler to meet any and all of your requirements; and are the perfect finishing touch to any home décor.
Lever handles, also known as door levers, are the most common type of door handle used in residential houses and commercial and public buildings. Lever handles can be split into two groups: lever handles on backplate and lever handles on rose.
Lever handles on a backplate are traditional door handles which sit on a backplate. These can have three operating mechanisms, including lever lock, lever bathroom and lever latch.
Lever lock.
This mechanism features a keyhole to operate the door handle, providing security and privacy and is often combined with a mortice lock.
Lever bathroom.
Often used on bathroom and bedroom doors, where some privacy is needed. This mechanism features a thumb turn lock, which can be locked and unlocked easily from the inside by turning the snib but can also be unlocked from the outside by turning the coin slot, in case of an emergency.
Lever latch.
This type of mechanism is used for interior doors that don’t require to be locked. It’s a simple to use mechanism, which only requires the door handle to be pushed down for the door to open.
Pros and Cons of Stainless Steel Handles
Stainless steel is one of the most common materials in which handles are made. Whether you’re shopping for a ball handle, a pull handle, adjustable handles, or crank handles, you can probably find it in stainless steel. Stainless steel handles have pros and cons Below is a breakdown of some of the pros and cons of stainless steel handles.
Pro: Corrosion Resistance
It shouldn’t come as a surprise to learn that stainless steel handles are resistant to corrosion. Stainless steel is an iron alloy that contains chromium (as well as nickel in some types of stainless steel). The presence of this chromium protects it from corrosion. You can use a stainless steel handle in a humid environment without fear of it rusting or corroding.
Pro: Aesthetics
Most people will agree that stainless steel handles look nice. They offer a consistent bright and shiny appearance. Other types of handles often have a dull or matte appearance, resulting in a lower level of aesthetics. Stainless steel handles offer a higher level of aesthetics thanks to their bright and shiny appearance that’s consistent throughout.
Pro: Nonmagnetic
Stainless steel handles are also nonmagnetic. Why does this matter? Some applications require the use of nonmagnetic handles. If a handle produces a magnetic field, it may attract other magnetic objects nearby. Alternatively, magnetic handles may damage certain electronics. Stainless steel handles are nonmagnetic, though, so they won’t cause these or other problems.
Con: Cost
While stainless steel handles aren’t particularly expensive, they tend to cost more than handles made of other materials. You can find handles made of plastic and other similar synthetic materials. These handles typically cost less than their stainless steel counterparts.
Con: Weight
Weight is a potential downside of stainless steel handles. Stainless steel handles typically weigh more than those made of other materials. They are denser and heavier than most other materials, so they usually weigh more. If weight is a concern, you may want to choose a handle made of a different material.

Print this item

  Home Slaughtering and Processing of Beef
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:14 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Home Slaughtering and Processing of Beef
A beef animal selected for slaughter should be healthy and in thrifty condition. Keep the animal off feed 24 hours before slaughter, but provide free access to water.
Do not run or excite the animal prior to slaughter because this may cause poor bleeding and give the carcass a bloody appearance.
The weather, especially expected temperatures the few days following slaughter, is extremely important. Night temperatures should be 32°F or lower for the carcass to chill properly without refrigeration.
The meat will spoil if improperly chilled and stored during warm weather. Also, during extremely cold weather, the meat should be protected from freezing by covering it with a clean cover.
Slaughter should be done in a dry, clean, dust-free area. A well-drained grassy area is recommended.
Take precautions during slaughter, chilling, and processing to keep the carcass and cuts clean and free from contamination. Use clean equipment, keep hands clean, wear clean clothing, and keep work and storage areas clean.
The carcass can be chilled without refrigeration by hanging it in a dry, clean building. Freedom from odors or contamination is essential.
Most meat spoilage and off-odors and flavors can be attributed to one or more of the following causes:

  1. Improper chilling of the carcass. The internal temperature of the round and other thick parts should be lowered to 40-45°F within 24 hours after slaughter.

  2. Adsorption of off-odors. When the carcass is chilled and aged in an area with any odor (manure, gasoline, paint, musty odor, etc) the carcass will absorb it.

  3. Poor sanitation during slaughter, chilling, and processing. This contamination with microorganisms causes off-odors, off-flavors, and spoilage.

  4. Improper freezing and storage of frozen meat. Packaged meat should be quick-frozen and stored at 0° to 5°F. Home freezers are for storage of products already frozen, not for quick-freezing large quantities of meat. Small quantities, preferably less than 25 pounds, can be satisfactorily frozen at home by placing meat in the freezer with at least one inch of space between each package.
The minimum required items of equipment for home slaughtering are as follows.
  • Stunning device such as 22 caliber rifle.

  • Block and tackle, chain hoist, or tractor equipped with hydraulic lift.

  • Beef spreader (singletree equipped with hooks on both ends and a ring in the center will do).

  • 24- or 28-inch meat saw.

  • 6-inch sharp skinning knife, 6-inch boning knife, and 8-inch butcher knife.

  • 10- or 12-inch steel bucket to hold water for washing hands.

  • Ample clean water and clean hand towels.
How to Stun Animal
Kill the animal as humanely as possible. If a rifle is used, exercise recommendations for safe use of firearms. The proper place for the bullet to strike is at the intersection of two imaginary lines extending from the right horn or anima, edge of poll to the left eye and from the left horn or edge of poll to the right eye. A sharp blow at this point with a sledge hammer will also stun the animal.
As soon as the animal is down, bleed it without delay. Stand behind the animal as in Figure 2 and with the sharp skinning knife make an incision through the hide in the middle of the dewlap immediately in front of the breastbone.
Hold the knife so the point is directed toward the rear of the animal, insert the knife under the breastbone toward the rump of the animal and cut toward the backbone. This will cut the arteries that cross just beneath the point of the breastbone.
Be careful not to stick too deep into the chest cavity. Cut straight with the backbone. Pump the foreleg back and forth a few times to help bleeding.
Turn the animal on its back and place a short prop (square post) on either side to hold it there. Remove the forefeet and shanks at the knee by locating and cutting through the flat joint with a knife. Skin out the hind legs and remove the hind feet and shanks by sawing as in.
Next, split the hide from the opening in front of the brisket down the midline of the belly to the bung. Hold the skinning knife at a slight angle.
Then split the hide at the rear of each hind leg beginning where the shank was removed, moving to the udder or scrotum. Do not skin the outside of the hind legs nor front legs until the carcass is being hoisted. The intact hide will keep the shanks clean during hoisting.
The next part of skinning is known as “siding.” Begin the siding by sliding the knife under the skin that has been cut over the belly. Grasp the loosened hide with hand (hair side is easiest to hold) and pull it up and outward. Place the knife firmly against the hide with the cutting edge turned slightly toward the hide.
Use long, smooth strokes of the knife, to remove the hide down over the sides. This is one of the most difficult tasks in skinning.
Opening the Carcass
After siding is done, cut through the center of the brisket with a knife and saw through the breastbone as in Figure 7. Insert the handle of the knife in the abdominal cavity with the blade leaning backward to open the belly cavity. In case of a male, remove the penis before opening the carcass.
The inside of each round muscle over the pelvis is covered with a thick white membrane. Follow this membrane and avoid cutting into the muscle. The knife can be forced between the soft cartilage that joins the pelvic bone. In older animals, the pelvis must be sawed.
The carcass is now ready for hoisting. Insert the hooks of a beef spreader or singletree in the tendons of the hind legs as in Figure 10. After the carcass is partially hoisted, complete skinning the rounds and the back of the carcass.
Remove the bung by cutting around it on the two sides and back and pulling through the opening of the pelvic cavity. Continue pulling the bung and intestines and cutting the ligaments that attach the intestines to the back.
Pull down on the paunch to tear it loose from the carcass, cut the esophagus where it goes through the diaphragm, and allow the intestines and paunch to drop into a container or on the ground. The liver should still be attached to the carcass and can next be removed. Remove the gall bladder from the liver.
Continue hoisting the carcass until the head clears the ground as in Figure 12. Remove the heart and lungs by first cutting out the diaphragm, the white connective tissue that separates the abdominal and thoracic cavities. Grasp the heart and lungs, pull forward and downward, and cut the large blood vessel attached to the backbone. Remove the heart, lungs, and esophagus as one unit.
Complete skinning the carcass and remove the head. The head is removed by cutting across the neck above the poll and through the atlas joint as illustrated in Figure 13.
Carefully examine all the internal organs and the dressed carcass for any abnormalities or conditions (such as abscesses or inflammation) that might affect the wholesomeness of the meat.
Splitting the Carcass
The carcass should be split into two sides. Start the splitting by first sawing through the sacral vertebrae from the inside. As soon as the cut is made through the pelvic area, sawing can be done easier from the back. Make the split down the center of the backbone to the neck. Leave the neck attached to balance the sides on the singletree.
Trim any soiled, bruised, or bloody pieces of meat. Wash the carcass with cold water to remove any remaining blood and dirt. Pump the forelegs up and down a few times to aid in draining blood from the forequarters.
To improve the appearance of the carcass, shroud it tightly with wet, clean white muslin to smooth the exterior fat during chilling. Use skewers or ties to tighten the shroud.
Beef should be aged a few days before cutting. The amount of aging will depend on the amount of fat covering, desired flavor, and temperature.
Carcasses that have only a thin fat covering should be aged three to five days; those with more fat, five to seven days. Very little tenderization occurs after five to seven days. Longer aging may result in off-flavors and odors due to microbial growth.
If the temperature of the carcass rises above 40°F, the time required for aging is reduced. Also, chances of spoilage are increased.
The sides of the carcass are quartered by cutting between the 12th and 13th rib. Following is a common procedure for cutting the quarters into wholesale cuts.
Forequarter
Remove the rib and plate from the chuck and brisket by cutting between the fifth and sixth rib. Cut perpendicular to the top line of the carcass. Separate the rib cut from the plate at a point 11/2 inches below the rib eye muscle on the end where the side was quartered, and cut parallel to the back.
The rib may be cut into rib steaks by cutting the desired thickness. The larger part may be made into a roast, or the entire cut boned into boneless rib steaks or roasts. The rib cuts are rather tender and may be broiled or dry roasted.
The plate may be processed by cutting two or three rows (11/2-2 inches) of short ribs and the remaining boned for ground beef.
To remove the brisket and foreshank from the chuck, first locate the arm bone joint near the surface of the carcass. Cut about 1 inch above the top of the joint, perpendicular to the cut made when the quarter was first divided.
The brisket may be separated from the shank by cutting through the natural seam that joins them. The shank is usually boned for grinding but cross-cut shank or soup bones may be made. The brisket should be boned for a roast or for grinding.
The blade end of the square-cut chuck may be cut into steaks or roast.
The arm end of the chuck may be cut into steaks or roasts. The neck portion can best be used for ground beef.

Print this item

  Covered Yarn
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:12 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Covered Yarn
When talking about covered yarn, one talks basically about elastane yarns that have at least one more yarn wrapped around. Covering however is not exclusively applied to elastane, sometimes also fine wires are covered.
There are two purposes of covering a yarn: one needs an elasticity which normal textile yarn cannot provide while one would still like to keep the apperance of the textile yarn. This is the case for covering elastane where most often a textile Polyester / Polyamide / ... is wrapped around the elastane core.
Covering a yarn can also be in order to hide something. This is most often the case when covering fine wires. The yarn that is wrapped around gives the looks whereas the core (the fine wire) still provides the functionality (like conductivity).
Single covered yarns are yarns where a second yarn is wrapped around a core yarn.
Double covered yarns are yarns where two separate yarns are wrapped around a core yarn.
The second layer of wrapping mainly serves to compensate the twist direction of the first layer.
With air covered yarns, the outer yarn is intermingled around the core yarn.
A non-elastic multilfilament yarn can for example be intermingled with an elasthane yarn that is in the core. This construction can be of help in certain embroidery applications.
In the example of Elasthane, a non elastic yarn gets wrapped around a twisted elasthane yarn. The elasthane is thus fully covered by the non elastic yarn which leads the yarn as a whole to have the look as well as the haptics of the non elastic yarn. However, the perks of elasthane are still to be noticed when wearing a fabric that is made out of such a core spun yarn by a much higher wear comfort for example.
Functional yarns that meet a growing number of customer demands
Technical yarns are materials with special resistance. Be it high chemical resistance, tensile strength, flame retardancy or functionality such as electrical conductivity. What if a piece of clothing would not only look good on you but would also keep you warm? What if it would also be water-repellent? And what if it had even more features, such as being wind-proof, able to maintain air circulation or act as an antibacterial layer? In today’s textile market, all of these attributes can be found, often even in combination with one another. This is the result if advanced technology becoming available in the textile industry, mainly in the form of functional yarns.
The advantages of functional yarns over classic ones
Functional yarn is responsible for the development of a whole range of new clothing categories that have not been known before. One of those categories is the entire line of athletic clothing, from warm-up clothes made from water-repellent fabric to stretchable sportswear that doesn’t falter and snaps back into shape when fast, dynamic movements are performed. The textiles worn by athletes in all kinds of sports often come with a range of other advantages apart from their elasticity and all of those have been made possible by the use of specialized yarns.
Enjoying the great outdoors thanks to functional yarns
It is not only clothing items where functional yarns play out their full strength, although that field is one of the most important. But yarns are also needed in many other areas and if you’re an outdoor person you will find a number of examples. Ropes for climbing, fishing lines, tents and many other items rely on yarns that can withstand adverse conditions and function fully even after many years of use. Moreover, yarns can also be found in many other applications, from compressive stockings furniture to materials needed for shielding and safety purposes.
Functional yarns come in many different varieties
One of the most sought-after commodities in the market for fabrics are elastic yarns. However, this is only one aspect of textiles that functional yarns can provide. There are also yarns that have the ability to discharge electrostatic, those that can shield from electromagnetic rays or yarns that can protect the wearer from heat or cold or even flames. All of these yarns require a meticulous manufacturing and quality monitoring process, which is why they should always be purchased from established, reputable suppliers.
A big name for functional yarns
In the world of functional yarns, buyers can choose among a large number of suppliers. However, it is important that buyers apply a rigorous quality testing regime before making a purchasing decision. For this type of yarns, it is of utmost importance that the products live up to their promises. For this reason, manufacturers such as Swiss company bäumlin & ernst ag usually are the address to go to. With proven quality, the ability to customize yarns and a long history of development experience, this supplier will reliably cater to all your needs.
What You Need To Know About Quick Dry Fabric
Nothing can equal the determination, strength, and stamina of athletes and outdoorsmen or women. Fabric technology can help athletes, travelers, and nature lovers to achieve their performance goals by overcoming natural challenges such as rising humidity levels, temperature changes, and sweat production.
Quick-dry fabrics – also called sweat-wicking of moisture-management fabrics – do just so. They help people feel fresh in any condition, reduce the visibility of sweat patches, and better regulate body temperature. As more people recognize the great potential of these fabrics, manufacturers and scientists have brought to life new types and started to test new applications. But no two quick-dry fabrics are the same! Here is all you need to know about selecting the right sweat-wicking fabric for your products.
Quick-dry fabrics are fabrics designed to absorb the sweat away from your body, pushing it towards the outer edge of the garment or footwear and facilitating natural evaporation. Quick-dry fabrics can be made of various materials, including natural and manmade fibers, among which the most common are merino wool, nylon, and polyester.
Natural fibers are those found in nature, which can be directly made into fabrics without chemical processing, while man-made fibers can be processed from natural raw materials or synthesized through chemical methods. Some man-made fibers take the multiple advantages of natural fibers to strengthen and integrate, combining the traits that natural fibers don’t obtain, such as antibacterial properties.
Today, the number of quick-dry fabrics and their application is skyrocketing, but these synthetic fabrics, such as nylon and polyester, are still a relatively new invention. In fact, in 1986, an American company called Invista pioneered the developing “Coolmax ”, which is a kind of polyester fabric and is breathable and sweat-wicking. It also made great progress in other synthetic fabrics like spandex and nylon. However, the patent for these revolutionary sweat-wicking fabrics was only filed in 1998 by Robert Kasdan and Stanley Kornblum. Until then, only minimally-wicking and natural fabrics were used, including cotton and wool.
However, after the initial introduction of moisture management fabrics, this technology continued to be developed. Today, moisture-wicking fabrics are those that can absorb the moisture and promote speedy evaporation, thus preventing the garment from becoming damp.
Since the production of sweat increases as the heart rate rises during exercise or strenuous activities, sweat-wicking fabrics can avoid the feeling of dampness. In addition, by keeping the body surface exposed to moisture below 50–65%, these fabrics can guarantee much higher comfort levels and better body temperature control.
Does Red Heart Heat Wave Yarn Work?
A few months ago, I started hearing about a new yarn by Red Heart called Heat Wave. It was launched at the perfect time. It was early fall and all of the knitters and crocheters I knew were starting to plan the projects they’d knit through the following season. The idea of a self-warming yarn intrigued us all. (Clearly Red Heart knows marketing!)
Heat Wave yarn is called “self-warming,” but technically it’s sun-warmed. The Heat Wave yarn promise is that it will be much warmer than a traditional yarn of the same weight and fiber. This yarn purportedly heats up 12° warmer than other yarns when it’s exposed to sunlight, even on cloudy days.
No wonder there was so much chatter. The potential seems endless!
Those who knit for charity were encouraged; they remarked that the temperature difference would be significant for homeless recipients of their knitwear.
Others were talking about the benefits for their loved ones who spend time outdoors: children, runners, hunters, and more.
Those who worked outdoors spoke up quickly, too. For the elementary school teacher assigned to bus duty and the woman whose granddaughter worked construction, a bump of a few degrees had definite appeal.
Heat Wave yarn is 100% acrylic. Each ball weighs in at 3.5 ounces (100 g) and is 198 yards (181 m) long. It’s a medium weight yarn with a recommended US size 8 needle (5.00 mm) or size I hook (5.50 mm). The colorways are named to evoke summertime nostalgia, like Ocean, Beach Ball, and Beach Bag.
Red Heart Heat Wave yarn is widely available at big box craft stores. The price point is comparable to other acrylic yarns.
So how does it work? While knitters are speculating that the arrangement of fibers could trap heat or that chemical washes could be the newly employed technology, Red Heart hasn’t shared the secret.
There were even some whispers that this is all just a marketing ploy. Beyond how it works was a more basic question.
The Best Yarns for Crochet Bikinis and Swimsuits
For those who have never worn the “right” crocheted/ knitted swimsuit before, would say that it will sag and carry water weight and fall to your knees!
Yes, I had the same thought too! When I just started making bikinis back in 2013, the first thing I did was to take the shower test. Did it slide down? Did it bulk up? No it did not.
Well, It didn’t because of a few tips and tricks I learned. Here’s what you need to know before making one.
The first and most important thing you will need to know is the yarn type. Yarns used for swimming and lounging would require a thing called Spandex!
If you would like to receive free written patterns and video tutorials straight into your inbox, just click Subscribe to get into our mailing list.
If you have never heard of Spandex, Spandex is an elastic synthetic fiber, also known as Lycra. Stronger and more durable than natural rubber.
Elastane fabric is made of natural and synthetic fibers to provide that stretch and recovery that you need in a swimsuit.
Cool right! That’s why this is so important to look for yarns with elastane to maintain the shape and to provide that extra stretch.
But remember not all spandex yarn works the same. It would have to be light preferably below category 3 like a DK or lightweight yarn.

Print this item

  What is kiosk banking and how to apply for kiosk banking
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:09 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

What is kiosk banking and how to apply for kiosk banking
Till now we have told you about many types of business related to customer service center, such as how to become a bank friend or how to get a franchise of a post office. Today we are going to tell you about another such business, which you can open and provide service in your village or city.
The kiosk are a small internet enabled booth through which customers can perform various tasks related to the bank. Kiosks are being opened by banks of our country in many areas. So that people can easily do their bank work through them without going to a bank branch.
A kiosk machine is like an ATM machine, but where only the money can be withdrawn from the ATM machine, in addition to withdrawing money from the kiosk machine, money can be deposited through it and money can also be sent to any other account
How to work through kiosk banking
Those who will be opening kiosks also have to open No Frills Savings Bank accounts (without depositing any money) from the people. To do this, they will have to take people’s photos and their finger prints and send all these information to the concerned bank. At the same time, when this account will be opened by the bank, the person opening the account will be able to deposit their money through the kiosk branch, get it out and do other types of work related to the bank.
Under kiosk banking, a maximum of Rs 50,000 can be deposited in an account and daily transactions up to Rs 10,000 can be done. Therefore, if a customer has to deposit more than Rs 50,000, then he has to go to the bank branch and similarly if he has to withdraw more than 10 thousand money, then he will have to go to the bank branch.
People who have opened customer service centers can easily start kiosk banking service from their center. In fact, many banks have been associated with the customer service center scheme launched by the Government of India and are offering services of kiosks in these centers. On the other hand, people who are not bank friends need not be disappointed because any person can apply to get kiosk banking.
However, only those people who are at least 18 years of age and who have studied up to the minimum 12th standard can apply to open kiosk banking. Apart from this, that person should also have 100 to 200 square feet of space and should also have computer, printer and net facilities.
What Is A Payment Kiosk: Everything You Need To Know
payment kiosk is a type of self-service kiosk that is able to receive a bill payment in exchange for a service or good rendered. An example of this is buying a ticket at a bus stop, where money is inserted, and a bus ticket is printed for you without having you interact with a bus station employee. The advantage of this is that this streamlined process allows companies to allocate their resources elsewhere while still being able to service a customer’s needs on their own terms.
A payment system is any system that is used to settle financial transactions through the transfer of monetary value. That is the technical definition, but the simplified version is that a payment system is any system designed to collect money in exchange for a good or service. Self-service kiosk implement this rather well, by providing a good or service, where the consumer can deposit cash or card to receive a good or service in exchange.

  • Fast Food-Fast food restaurants employ payment kiosks so that you can order food and pay for it either at the kiosk itself or at the front of the line when your order is ready.
  • Government-Government buildings employ payment kiosks for handling parking ticket exchanges or for payment of a pre-existing fee or fine.
  • Utility-Utility companies such as water and electric use payment kiosks to handle bill payments
  • Phone Companies-Similar to utility companies, phone companies use payment kiosks outside their offices to handle bill payments should a customer require them.
  • Banks-Banks employ payment kiosks to serve as intermediaries for their services. A customer can deposit or withdraw their money or pay for any fees from a self-service kiosk.

  • Health Care-Although most kiosks at hospitals are information kiosks, many are fitted with nfc and payment options. These payment options allow patients to pay their medical bills.

  • Corporate-Corporate companies use a wide variety of payment kiosks for exchanging vendor goods such as extra computer peripherals.

  • Transportation-Transportation companies utilize payment kiosks for handling ticket exchanges.
Benefits of Payment Kiosks
Payment kiosks illicit a wide array of benefits but the largest benefit would be customer freedom. By allowing payments to be self-automated, customers now enjoy a larger array of freedom when it comes to their purchasing power. Below are just a few additional benefits payment kiosks can bring to any business.
  • Cost Effective-principal benefit after customer freedom is the ability for kiosks to save on resources, most importantly, staff time. With many functions handled by a payment kiosk, customers can simply walk up, pay and leave, saving administrative staff or other employees a great deal of time.
  • Profitable-Since these services are automated, payment Kiosks are much more profitable than traditional means, as your kiosk will always attract customers, and since it is fast and simple, it can generate revenue with very little upkeep required.
  • Adaptable-Beyond just providing payment services, self-service kiosks can fit a number of roles such as wayfinding and information database.
  • Connectivity-Self-service kiosks are connected to a network, allowing them to be remotely accessed from anywhere with an internet connection. This advantage allows for new software patches and updates on the fly.
  • Quicker Service-Due to its ease of use, self service kiosks can be accessed by just about anyone, allowing for quick and easy interactions between the consumer and the company. In addition, having more functions regulated to the kiosks allows for the staff to assist with other functions, exponentially increasing the speed that a customer's needs are met.

  • Eye Catching-With many kiosks having large digital screens, this creates more draw to the place of business, increasing the customer base.

  • Active Interaction-Since the kiosks are self-service, this means that customers are an active participant in choosing their own needs, creating less error in choosing what they want instead of having to rely on a third party.

  • Improved Customer satisfaction-As stated previously, with quicker service, customer satisfaction needs are met at a higher pace, drawing in more repeat business as it is much easier for a customer to engage with a machine on their own terms
Types of Payment Kiosks
  • Outdoor-OUTDOOR KIOSKS are designed to provide their services in almost any weather condition, whether it be rain, sun or snow. These are typically freestanding models, with their design typically more robust than the indoor variants as much of the kiosk needs to be able to weather any condition and be durable enough to survive impacts from other sources to prevent tampering. Their large size also provides a large area for more attractive advertisements.
  • Outdoor-OUTDOOR KIOSKS are designed to provide their services in almost any weather condition, whether it be rain, sun or snow. These are typically freestanding models, with their design typically more robust than the indoor variants as much of the kiosk needs to be able to weather any condition and be durable enough to survive impacts from other sources to prevent tampering. Their large size also provides a large area for more attractive advertisements.

  • Indoor-More nimbly designed than the outdoor variants, INDOOR KIOSKS vary between freestanding models to small tablets. These designs are typically more popular with most industries due to their flexibility in size as they do not need to be as large as outdoor models.
  • Custom -Of course CUSTOM KIOSK MODELS exist for those that want the benefits of both outdoor and indoor variants. There are some kiosks that float in between these two types and any kiosk company is happy to build one based on your individual needs.
Where to buy a payment kiosk?
Payment kiosks can be purchased through a variety of credible companies. These kiosks can be customised to a large degree based on a company's needs and specifications. For custom models, many of these companies offer a discount for bulk orders.
Redyref Interactive can provide high quality kiosk designs no matter the specifications. They can provide digital kiosks that fit a wide spectrum of use, whether it is for wayfinding, payment or information-Redyref Interactive will happily build any kiosk to fit your needs.
While it is true that payment kiosks have limited some of the human interaction from typical transactions, it has also expedited many tasks that were less than desirable. This has made it better for everyone in the long run, with more customers willing to engage and be more comfortable around self-service kiosks rather than neglecting the task altogether. With automation, payment kiosks have changed how we do business, and in short, added more power back into the hands of the consumer.

Print this item

  What is Dredging?
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:07 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

What is Dredging?
Underwater excavation is called dredging. A dredge is a machine that scoops or suctions sediment from the bottom of the waterways or is used to mine materials underwater. While the instrumentation of modern dredges is computer assisted, the basic excavation methods of dredges have remained the same since the late 1800s. The two main types of dredges Local 25 members work aboard are mechanical dredges and hydrhydraulic dredges.
Mechanical dredges remove material by scooping it from the bottom and then placing it onto a waiting barge or a disposal area. The two most common types of mechanical dredges are dipper dredges and clamshell dredges. These names refer to the type of scooping buckets they employ. The dredge is mounted on a large barge and is usually towed to the dredge site and secured in by anchors or anchor pilings, called spuds. Disposal barges, called dump scows, are used in conjunction with the mechanical dredge.
Hydraulic dredges work by sucking a mixture of dredged material and water from the channel bottom. The amount of water sucked up with the material is controlled to make the best mixture. Pipeline and hopper dredges are the two main types of hydraulic dredges.
Pipeline dredges suck dredged material through one end and push it out the discharge pipeline directly into the disposal site. Most pipeline dredges have a cutterhead on the suction end. A cutterhead is a mechanical device that has rotating blades or teeth to break up or loosen the bottom material so that it can be sucked through the dredge. Pipeline dredges are mounted to barges and usually not self-powered, but are towed to the dredging site and secured in place by anchor piling, called spuds.
Hopper dredges are ships with large hoppers, or containment areas, inside. The dredge suctions dredged material from the channel bottom through long intake pipes and stores it in the hoppers. When the hoppers are full, the dredged material is either pumped off through a pipeline or the ship travels to an in-water disposal site, where the dredged material is discharged through the bottom of the ship.
Disposal site selection for dredged material is one of the most important and challenging parts of planning a dredging project. The most common disposal methods are beach renourishment, ocean placement and confined disposal facilities.
Beach renourishment is the placement of dredged material on or near the beach through a pipeline, usually to replenish an eroding beach or protect an eroding wetland. This is the most visible dredging project to the public. The dredged material is generally sand coming from inlets, coastal entrance bars, or main offshore waterways. Both hopper dredges and pipeline dredges can use beach renourishment sites. Once the dredged material is on the beach, heavy equipment operators help control the placement and direction of the sand.
What’s the Difference Between a Suction Hose and a Discharge Hose?
suction hose does just that, it’s a pump, pulls, vacuums, or sucks the material or liquid through the hose. They can also be referred to as Delivery Hoses. Typically, suction hoses can be used for both suction and discharge. Each hose is different, double-check with Atlanta Rubber & Hydraulics if you are unsure or if you are considering a specialty hose.
Suction hoses are constructed to maintain their round shape and not collapse when used under the hose’s normal use. Note that using a hose other than its unintended use will damage the hose.
There is also no such thing as a hose that a vehicle can run over. No matter what, a vehicle driving over a hose will destroy it.
What is a Discharge Hose?
A discharge hose is also referred to as a lay-flat hose. Most discharge hoses are made to handle water and mild chemicals.
Only use discharge hoses with the flow of gravity. Discharge hoses are not meant to discharge liquid against gravity. (Yes, this must be stated and we won’t further elaborate.)
Discharge hoses take up less space than suction hoses, hence the name lay flat. They can be made from different materials and take up less space.
Atlanta Rubber & Hydraulics is a solutions provider of industrial hose, rubber, and hydraulics for a wide variety of industrial markets. We offer custom assemblies as well as industry-standard hose assemblies. Some of our markets include – Rental, Construction, Liquid Waste, Agriculture, Manufacturing and Plant Facilities, Hydraulics, OEM, and Environmental Businesses.
Atlanta Rubber is centrally located in Marietta, GA with 2 satellite locations in Gainesville, GA, and Stallings, NC.
Rubber Fender
Fenders are buffers between vessels and the wharf. The principal function of a fendering system is to provide protection for both wharf and vessel by absorbing the vessel's berthing energy thus reducing the forces on both the wharf structure and vessel. The used of fender allow a reduction of wharf construction costs and provides ship owners with a satisfactory system for ship protection.
Fender systems vary from quite complicated arrangements to virtually no fendering. The simpler the better. Most usual form of modern fendering is rubber in various shapes, an improvement of the old rubber tire or steel flexible piles.

  • Preparation of rubber compound

  • Preparation of steel plates

  • Application of bonding agent

  • Compression moulding according to the shape of the fender
Types of Chain Grades
Industrial chains consist of linked segments of durable metal, such as stainless steel, galvanized steel, and brass. They are available in a wide range of sizes and strengths to lift and transport materials across a diverse set of applications.
The tensile strength of the base material—i.e., the ultimate breaking strength—determines the rating and grade given to the particular chain. The greater the breaking strength, the higher the grade, and vice versa. The grade indicated for a chain helps industry professionals identify the types of applications for which it is appropriate. For example, the strength of galvanized chains relies on the amount of carbon present in the metal; as grade 30 chain has less carbon, it is weaker than grade 40 chain and suitable for service duty applications rather than heavy-duty applications.
At Armstrong / Alar Chain Corporation, we pride ourselves on our extensive knowledge and experience with metal chains, hooks, fasteners, wire rope, and accessories. Our experts understand the uses and limitations of chains and can offer advice on the types and attachments suitable for virtually any application.
When selecting a chain for an application, it is important to consider its grade. Each chain grade demonstrates different properties that make it suitable for some applications, but not for others. An analysis of the working load limit (WLL) of the chain— generally one-third the weight of the break strength—can help industry professionals determine its strengths and weaknesses. Below we outline some of the most common chain grades and their properties and uses.
How do Mooring Systems Work?
A mooring system is made up of a mooring line, anchor and connectors, and is used for station keeping of a ship or floating platform in all water depths. A mooring line connects an anchor on the seafloor to a floating structure. We will focus on mooring Mobile Offshore Drilling Units and Floating Production Systems.
The mooring line can be made up of synthetic fiber rope, wire and chain or a combination of the three. Environmental factors - wind, waves and currents - determine which materials make up the mooring system.
Chain is the most common choice for permanent moorings in shallow water up o 100 m, whereas steel wire rope is lighter weight and has a higher elasticity than chain, which is a better choice in water depths greater than 300 m. However, synthetic fiber rope is the lightest weight of all three. Configurations include all chain, chain and wire rope (conventional mooring line to 2,000 m), chain and synthetic fiber rope, and chain, wire rope and synthetic fiber rope combinations are used in ultra-deepwater (greater than 2,000 m).
Anchors
The mooring system relies on the strength of the anchors. The holding capacity of anchors depends on the digging depth and the soil properties. The mooring lines run from the vessel to the anchors on the seafloor. Anchor types include: drag embedment, suction and vertical load.
A drag embedment anchor (DEA) is the most utilized anchor for mooring floating MODUs in the Gulf of Mexico. The drag anchor is dragged along the seabed until it reaches the required depth. As it penetrates the seabed, it uses soil resistance to hold the anchor in place. The drag embedment anchor is mainly used for catenary moorings, where the mooring line arrives on the seabed horizontally. It does not perform well under vertical forces.
Suction piles are the predominant mooring and foundation system used for deepwater development projects worldwide. Tubular piles are driven into the seabed and a pump sucks out the water from the top of the tubular, which pulls the pile further into the seabed. Suction piles can be used in sand, clay and mud soils, but not gravel, as water can flow through the ground during installation, making suction difficult. Once the pile is in position, the friction between the pile and the soil holds it in place. It can resist both vertical and horizontal forces.

Print this item

  Different Types of Braces are Available Which is Best for You?
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:05 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Different Types of Braces are Available Which is Best for You?
Underbites, overbites and teeth that are crooked, crowded or have large gaps can all be treated with braces. There are just as many options in braces as there are problems they solve.
Parents of today had far less choice as teenagers; it was just the standard metal braces available back then. Now, their children can be fitted with a range of different options in braces.
Orthodontist have developed new treatments over the years to improve the aesthetics of braces. But choosing the right treatment method takes time and careful consideration.
Types of Braces
The most commonly used types of braces are:
Metal Braces
These are the traditional braces made of high-quality stainless steel. An arch wire is attached to brackets on the teeth which provides even pressure to move teeth in the correct direction.
Ceramic Braces
Using tooth-coloured ceramic brackets rather than metal and a white wire, ceramic braces are an appealing option for many patients. Also called clear braces, ceramic braces are virtually invisible. They are a popular choice for adults who prefer the subtle look compared to metal braces. Ceramics are also ideal for patients that like to have their photo taken or will attend important events while they are wearing braces.
Lingual Braces
Also called inside braces, lingual braces are custom made brackets designed to fit the contour on the inside of each tooth. A wire joins the brackets together and pulls the teeth into position by pulling from the inside. Just as effective as standard outside braces, however they take longer to fit as each bracket needs to be custom made. Appointments with lingual braces may also need to be more frequent and take longer than traditional braces.Lingual braces may also be more challenging to keep clean and may affect the speech in some patients.
Lingual braces are most common amongst adults who are self conscious of how they will look with traditional braces, particularly in the workplace. Lingual braces are virtually undetectable but users may need to wear elastic bands which people can see.
Invisalign
Invisalign is one of the newest options available. The patient wears a series of custom plastic trays for two weeks each which slowly move the teeth into the preferred position. The aligners are virtually invisible and are more comfortable to wear with no metal parts to rub against gums and inside the mouth. The patient doesn‘t need to make any changes to their diet and can clean their teeth as they always have because the Invisalign retainers are removed for eating and cleaning.
Which One Should you Choose?
It’s not just the aesthetics of the braces that will determine which one you choose. There are a few factors you should consider including cost, hygiene and the final result.
Aesthetics
In our experience, some patients worry unnecessarily about how they will look with braces. They can remain self conscious about the braces long after everyone else has forgotten about them. But if the look of the braces is a concern for you, then consider lingual or ceramic braces that are invisible or hardly noticeable.
Budget
Some treatment options are more expensive than others. If you aren’t the person paying for them then you may need to check if some options are not feasible due to their additional cost.
Due to the technology required to customise the brackets and the time it takes in the lab to make the brackets, the cost of lingual braces is higher than other orthodontic treatments. Ceramic braces are more expensive than metal braces due to the materials.
Self-Ligating Braces: All You Need to Know
Self-ligating braces look like conventional braces and are placed relatively the same way. The exception is that self-ligating braces don’t use elastics (rubber bands), or metal ties. Instead this system uses special clips or brackets with a spring-loaded door. The brackets maintain pressure on the archwire, helping move your teeth along at a steady pace.
Self-ligating braces are capable of correcting certain complex malocclusion (misaligned bite) issues and may be a viable option for patients with unique circumstances.
How Long Do Self-Ligating Braces Take?
Generally, self-ligating braces takes about the same amount of time to achieve the same results that you would get from the conventional treatment. On average, you’re looking at being in braces between 12 to 30 months.
The appointments themselves for self-ligating braces are roughly the same length as with traditional braces. The same is true of the intervals between appointments.
When you come in for an initial consultation and our orthodontist evaluates your condition, we will have a good idea of how long your treatment will take.
Do Self-Ligating Braces Need Tightening?
While self-ligating braces do require adjustments, they do not get “tightened” the same way as traditional systems. The spring-loaded doors “tighten” the wires in place instead of an elastic tie.
What Do Self-Ligating Braces Cost (Are They More Expensive)?
When it comes to the functionality and look of your smile, the results you get from orthodontics is priceless. When you choose to make an investment in yourself that will last a lifetime, you’ll want to ensure that you’re receiving the best treatment possible.
That being said, the cost of self-ligating braces is very comparable to that of conventional braces, and even clear aligner therapies like Invisalign. Self-ligating braces typically cost between $3,500 and $8,500.
Many dental insurance policies will help cover at least a portion of the cost of your orthodontic treatment.
For the remaining balance, we offer affordable payment options for every budget.
All of your treatment costs and financing options will be discussed with you ahead of time. Following your free initial consultation, we won’t move forward until you’re comfortable with the arrangements that have been made.
Everything You Need to Know About Metal Braces
When it comes to straightening teeth, closing gaps, fixing overbites or correcting under-bites, metal braces are simple, effective and produce fantastic results. However, many patients really don’t know what to expect from orthodontic treatment, or what the differences are in the options they may have to choose from.
If you are considering having orthodontic treatments and are unsure about what to expect, and what the overall treatment process will be like, then this article will provide clarity and insights in to what the experience of having braces will mean for you.
There are many reasons that people choose to undergo orthodontic treatment, and there are also some instances where they may be required for specific medical or dental health concerns. Let’s take a look at some of the most common reasons that patients get braces.
The most common reasons that people get braces is to straighten, align, and adjust gaps in their teeth. Braces are used to alter the position and alignment of teeth within the jaw, gradually closing gaps that are too big and repositioning teeth that may be too close together or crowded.
Braces are also commonly used to correct overbites or under-bites. These conditions result in the top and bottom jaws not aligning when biting down, which can have effects on speech and potentially result in discomfort when chewing.
For young patients whose teeth are growing in to spaces that are too small, braces can be used to open up the areas where new teeth are growing in. The purpose of this is to avoid more serious tooth alignment problems in the future once the full set of adult teeth are in place.
Other patients may be recommended to have braces as part of a treatment process intended to correct other oral health issues such as clenching or grinding of teeth. Often, misaligned teeth can be one of the contributing factors to these issues, and therefore should be corrected as part of the efforts to prevent the conditions from progressing.
Benefits of Orthodontic Treatment
Regardless of the underlying reason for having orthodontic treatment, whether it be for aesthetics or for medical necessity, you can look forward to many of the same advantages as a result. Obviously, one of the most prominent benefits to having braces is a straighter and more beautiful smile that will give you greater confidence and self-assurance in your appearance.
In addition, straighter teeth and a properly aligned bite pattern has a significant impact in the comfort and ease of chewing and may even allow you to enjoy certain foods that perhaps were awkward or uncomfortable to eat before your treatment. This improved alignment of the teeth can also result in a cessation of tooth grinding or clenching that would cause soreness in the jaw or recurring headaches.
The Pros and Cons of Ceramic Braces
Less painful: According to people who have worn both metal and ceramic braces, ceramic braces are less painful on your gums and cheeks because the ceramic is not as harsh.
Hard to notice: One of the things that make people avoid getting braces even when they need them is the fact that they are visible and can be embarrassing, especially for adults. The brackets used for ceramic braces can be color-matched to your natural teeth, making them difficult to notice at a distance.
Very durable: Some people are wary about getting ceramic braces because they do not think that they are durable or will last through the treatment without having to be replaced. Fortunately, ceramic braces are hard to damage and will last throughout your treatment.
Cost effective: Ceramic braces are a little more expensive than metal braces, but they are still a cost-effective method of fixing crooked teeth when compared to alternatives like clear aligners, which cost more and take longer to achieve the desired effect.
How Do Lingual Braces Work?
Specialists Orthodontists can provide a wide range of benefits to both functional and aesthetic aspects of oral healthcare. These professionals are expertly trained to ensure proper alignment and straightening of your teeth, regardless of your unique situation. This specialist dentist possesses the necessary knowledge and skills beyond the standard dental school curriculum, meaning they can diagnose, prevent and treat all types of facial and dental irregularities.
If you are on this page, then it is highly likely that you have been offered, are considering, or are currently going through lingual brace treatment. Lingual braces are one of the many treatments on offer by orthodontists which may be authorised as means of straightening your teeth.
Misaligned teeth, gaps in teeth or overcrowded teeth are some of the most frequent issues which result in lingual braces being provided for patients. But how do lingual braces work? And how do they differ from other types of braces as an orthodontist procedure? These questions will be explained in full by our oral care professionals in the following blog.
Lingual braces and conventional braces hold a lot of similarities in terms of their excellent control of both the crown and the root of the tooth. This allows controlled tooth movement whilst working alongside a cosmetic dentist, or other dental specialist.. The major difference between conventional braces and lingual braces are that the latter are the only truly invisible brace out there.
The only person who is going to be aware of lingual braces is the individual patient them self. These invisible braces are the perfect solution for adults who do not want other people to be aware of their braces, as they will be completely hidden from view. Despite their clear long term benefits, some patients consider traditional braces to be too unsightly in the short term. This may be because they work in a job where their image is particularly important, or they are worried about feeling self-conscious due to this temporary change in their appearance. Lingual hidden braces ensure that your self-image isn’t compromised for teeth alignment. We use the Incognito system; the global leading lingual system is digitally planned and fully customised and individua lfor each patient, whilst possessing all of the qualities of conventional fixed braces.
Because lingual braces have a near-identical mechanism to conventional braces, they are just as effective at moving and aligning teeth into the correct position. This procedure is far more effective than aligners for complex movements like altering the heights of teeth, closing gaps, problems with over/underbites and correcting rotations or root position. Another benefit of this orthodontic procedure is that a predictable outcome and predictable timeline can be produced by working with an experienced lingual braces London orthodontist.

Print this item

  Will Cutting Wood With a Diamond Blade Hurt It?
Posted by: mingtinan624 - 06-24-2022, 01:01 AM - Forum: General Gaming Discussion - No Replies

Will Cutting Wood With a Diamond Blade Hurt It?
Diamond saw blades are made with teeth that have been coated in a strong carbon grit mixture. These saw blades are designed to cut through materials that would wear away normal blades, including stone, clay, concrete and similar substances. Diamond blades are usually designed for these tough materials. Trying to cut wood with a diamond saw might not lead to good results.
Diamond Saw Damage
Diamond saws are designed to be the most durable blades for the most difficult saw projects. You will not need to worry about damaging the diamond saw blade itself. These blades are made to withstand stone materials. The soft fibers of wood boards will not hurt the blade itself. The danger is in how the diamond blade treats the wood itself.
General Purpose of Diamond Blades
General purpose dry diamond saw blades can be used for several materials, but reconsider before using them to cut wood. The harsh grit of the diamond blade can cut tile and masonry with straight lines. When applied to wood, however, the blades might create a rough cut, ripping apart fibers, or might make it too easy to create crooked cuts. In most cases, it is better to use a traditional steel blade for wood.
Wood Cutting Blades
Carbide-tipped saw blades are designed especially for wood. These are similar to diamond saw blades, but are designed with teeth and coatings that will make it easier to cut wood, especially hardwoods. If you do want to use a diamond saw blade, ensure that you use a carbide version that is specifically designed for wood.
Exceptions
Some exceptions exist to using diamond blades on boards. For example, fiber cement board comes in planks and might resemble wood, but it is actually made from cementitious materials. Do not assume that the board shape means it is made of wood. Diamond saws work well when cutting fiber cement and similar materials for construction products.

How to Cut Concrete
Concrete—most of us have a love-hate relationship with it. Love it when we need a permanent, heavy-duty, weather-resistant surface. Hate it when we gotta repair, replace or cut the stuff.
The prospect of cutting concrete can be daunting, but it doesn’t have to be. Most of the battle can be won by simply selecting the right tools. Try a concrete saw. Following is a rundown of common concrete-cutting tasks—from dinky to monster-sized—and the best tools and techniques for handling them.
Blades made of corundum may be cheap, but on a per-cut basis, they’re more expensive than diamond-tipped blades. If you rent a diamond circular saw blade, many rental centers will measure its perimeter before and after and charge you by the 1/1,000th inch used.
You can make small rough cuts using a cold chisel and sledgehammer (Photos 2 and 3), but the better choice is a circular saw with a special blade.
Dry-cutting diamond blades most often have a serrated or toothed rim (Photo 1) to help cool the blade and eject waste. They work best when you make a series of gradually deeper cuts to avoid overheating the blade. The downside to dry-cutting masonry is the tornado of fine dust it creates. If you cut concrete indoors, seal off the area with plastic and duct tape. Seal all duct openings as well.
Wet-cutting diamond blades can have either teeth or a smooth, continuous perimeter. Water not only helps cool and lubricate the blade but also keeps the dust down. These cut the fastest and cleanest, but they require a special saw that can both distribute water and be safely used around it. As a make-do option, you can plug your saw into a GFCI-protected extension cord and have a helper carefully direct a small stream of water just in front of your saw as it cuts.
Diamond Blade Buying Guide
With all of the different saw blades available on the market today, it can be overwhelming when purchasing a new blade. To get the quality of cut you expect with the best performance from your saw, it is important to have the most appropriate blade for the project at hand.
Diamond saw blades come in a wide range of sizes, bond types, and uses with quality and performance that can vary dramatically from blade to blade. Whether you have a tile saw, masonry saw, concrete saw, or other type of saw, selecting the right blade will help you get the job done right.
Diamond blades are available with different rim or edge configurations including segmented, continuous, and turbo with the type of rim affecting how the blade cuts. The segments or rim are fixed to the blade through the process of brazing, laser welding, or sintering.
Segmented blades typically have medium to hard bonds for a range of wet and dry cutting applications. While these blades can offer a relatively smooth cut with a fast cutting speed, chipping may still occur. They are durable and have a long blade life compared to other blades.
They are ideal for cutting marble and granite slabs, concrete, asphalt, brick, block, and other building materials. They are available in a wide selection of diameters from small to large and particularly dominate the 12” diameter and larger market. These blades are commonly used with masonry saws, concrete saws, and circular saws.
The spaces of air that separate the segments are called gullets. The gullets are there to improve air flow, dissipate heat, and remove slurry from the cut, helping to maintain the blade’s cutting performance. The size and shape of the gullets vary from blade to blade and will depend on the type of material the blade designed to cut.
For example, blades for cutting asphalt tend to have wider, U-shaped gullets while blades for concrete tend to have narrower, U-shaped gullets. The more abrasive the material, the wider the slot should be to allow for better heat dissipation. Other gullet shapes include keyhole, teardrop, and angled. Segmented diamond blades with narrow slots are generally for marble and granite while keyhole shaped slot blades tend to be for general purpose.

Circular Saw and Blades: A Basic Overview
A circular saw is either a hand held or table mounted tool used for cutting many types of materials such as wood, plastic, metal and masonry. All circular saws have a disc or blade with teeth on their edges. The motor on the saw enables the blade to spin at high speeds, enabling the teeth to smoothly cut through materials.
There are a couple of different factors when choosing a circular saw. First, what is it being used for? As with any purchase, we get what we pay for. Therefore, in order to ensure that tools will last more than 20 years, it is important to choose one with a strong motor. A strong motor will ensure top speed of the blade when cutting through a variety of hard to softer materials.
Because tools are standard purchases for the home, costs are generally known and standard. If you are not aware of amps and horse power as a factor in your decision making, cost could just as well be a reliable indicator. For a few hundred dollars, one should be confident that their tool will last a long time.
Now that you are set up with the saw, the interesting part is determining which saw blade to use for a particular job. Selecting the proper blade for the job will not only allow the tools to perform better and cleaner but also safer.
Things You should Know about Diamond Drill Bits
Diamond drill bits are perfect for drilling holes through hard materials such as these:

  • Glass, sea glass, beach glass, fused glass, sheet glass

  • Stone, gemstones, rock, pebbles, minerals

  • Ceramic, porcelain, tiles, glazed pottery, plates, china

  • Shell, antler, bone, fossil

  • Very hard woods
For very small precision holes for jewellery making purposes and precision holes in all glass, precious stone or porcelain tile we recommend using the small diamond drill bits which have a solid, flat end, or tip. These are available in sizes as small as 0.75mm - 3mm. Take a look at the below picture.
DO NOT use diamond drill bits on metal, soft wood, plaster or soft plastic. These materials are too soft and will cause the diamonds on your drill bit to clog up. When drilling holes in soft metals, plastics and wood use High Speed Steel drill bits (HSS) and for drilling holes in hard metals use Carbide Drill Bits
Diamond is the hardest material, and therefore anything else can be cut or drilled with it. If you are cutting or drilling through very hard materials such as Sapphire then bear in mind you will need a lot of patience and perhaps more drill bits than you would if you were drilling a hole through glass or Opal.
As with all diamond drill bits you should use water as a lubricant and coolant. Being hollow, allows the water to flow up inside and around the inner core of these drill bits as you are drilling, helping to keep the drill bit cool and removing the debris.
Diamond core drills are available in sizes 1mm - 3mm and 3.5mm - 60mm and larger.
For drilling tiny holes in plates, glass, fused glass and for thin pieces of sea glass we recommend using a small diamond core drill. These are available in sizes from as small as 1mm- 3mm.
Diamond Core bits also come in a range with a 2.35mm shank
As you drill, the water swirls around inside the core. This helps prolong the life of your drill bit and helps to prevent any cracking or shattering of the material you're drilling.

Print this item